How Do Hoverboards Work

Gregor Mersick
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How Hoverboards Operate

A Hoverboard is a self-balancing two-wheeled personal vehicle that is powered by an electric motor. The vehicle emits a low humming sound and glides on a set of low friction wheels that can turn 360 degrees. These innovative electric vehicles were created by tech giant, Apple, in 2015. They are designed to mimic the sensation of skateboarding.

A hoverboard uses a gyroscope to detect the changes in the direction of the rider’s center of gravity. The vehicle uses a tilt-based control system so that the rider can change the direction of the vehicle. Whenever, the rider shifts his or her body to move forward or makes a turn, the wheels automatically are rotated accordingly. Because the wheels are constantly rotating, the rider can drive the hoverboard in any direction he or she desires. This makes the hoverboard a unique personal vehicle that can be used on both flat surfaces and on rough terrain.

The design of a hoverboard is also simple and easy to use. It is lightweight and can be carried easily on one hand. They are usually made from strong materials such as carbon fiber, aluminum and plastic. The weight of the hoverboard is balanced to optimize efficiency and glide. It is also outfitted with an advanced GPS system. This GPS system contains software that is designed to pair with the rider’s smart phone. The GPS software also features a hoverboard management application that ensures the safety of the rider.

Parts of A Hoverboard

Hoverboards are very similar to the self-balancing boards you see people riding in parks. When standing on a hoverboard, you have to lean forward to go forward, lean back to go backwards, and go sideways by leaning to the side.

The main difference between a hoverboard and a regular self-balancing board is that hoverboards don’t have a motor. They get their name from the way that they propel themselves. A hoverboard floats about 20‛30mm above the ground while it’s being ridden. Most people assume that this is because it’s being levitated by magnetic fields. However, it’s actually very similar to the way that a hovercraft works.

In the case of hoverboards, air is the main means of propulsion. Two fans, one on either end of the remote control unit, blow air downwards onto the surface of the hoverboard. This air is more dense than the air surrounding the hoverboard and creates downward pressure. The hoverboard rises above the surface of the ground by a few millimeters. This downward pressure combined with gravity causes the board to move in the direction that you’re leaning.

How A Hoverboard Detects Movement

The working principle behind the technology behind hoverboards is pretty complex. A hoverboard is essentially a self-balancing, two-wheeled scooter. To make a hoverboard work, you must include sensors to detect your movement and keep the scooter balanced. Sensors measure the tilt of the board to keep it upright.

Hoverboard sensors are used to measure the tilt on a two-wheeled vehicle. All you need is an accelerometer, which measures motion through space, and a gyroscope, which measures rotation. Together, the accelerometer and gyroscope measure the tilt of the hoverboard along all three axes. They send this info to an electronic balancing controller that determines the degree of tilt and steers the board accordingly. Sensors are placed inside all parts of the hoverboard to keep track of all movements.

The placement of sensors in a hoverboard is something you have to be careful about. Some sensors, such as accelerometers and gyroscopes, are made with silicon. Silicon is quite a soft material and is susceptible to damage. Whether the scooter is moving or stationary, your hoverboard has to weigh about 60% of your own weight. If you’re a heavy person, that’s a lot of weight.

Make sure that the hoverboard you buy is safe and can stand up to the forces on it.

How a Hoverboard Balances

Hoverboards (or “self-balancing scooters,” as some manufacturers call the devices) are really just miniature skateboards with no bindings or other handholds. To stay balanced on one, you must tilt it forward or backward in order to adjust to the changing forces.

When you tilt the board forward, you’re actually shifting your weight toward the front of the board. The added weight makes the board behave more like a pendulum. When you extend your leg, the board tilts back. This is balanced as it intersects with the other leg and the spring tension on the wheels.

When you tilt the board backward, the added weight causes the board to function more like a seesaw. As one leg goes back, weight shifts to the other side of the board. The pivot point is stolen from the wheel, which is why the board looks like it grabs air when it gets back to its starting position. As you push the board forward, you’re pulling extra weight on the front of the board, which makes the board look like it’s floating at times.

Balancing and Safety

Keeping your hoverboard up is all about maintaining your center of gravity. While there are a few different designs out there, they all work on the same principle. The hoverboard contains a heavy battery that keeps the hoverboard in place. The weight of the battery is concentrated in the center of the hoverboard.

The rider stands in the center of the hoverboard, close to the battery. Riding close to the board’s center of gravity helps you keep the board balanced. When the rider leans or shifts his weight, the board moves in that direction. The battery must provide enough power to counteract that movement.

This means that the battery’s weight needs to be a large enough percentage of your weight to keep it in balance. Riding a hoverboard also requires a keen sense of balance. It’s pretty simple: If you don’t maintain your center, you’ll fall.

Safety is important when riding a hoverboard. Swerving, abrupt turns, and sudden stops can cause you to lose your center of gravity. Riding mounted on a hoverboard is a great way to stay fit, but keep a level head about your board’s capabilities. Don’t be tempted to ride on a busy sidewalk or street; it’s just not safe.


In this post, we’ve talked about the safety hazards and reasons to avoid hoverboards. We’ve also shared some of the more significant safety recalls issued by the CPSC. We’ve discussed the different types of electric unicycles and shared what to look out for when choosing an electric unicycle. We’ve discussed the different types and characteristics of hoverboards and shared some information about the numerous hoverboard recalls. We’ve also shared some patterns you can use to find the best hoverboard for you.

We invite you to continue your research by exploring more of our website. You can find more information about all types of vehicles and mobility scooters and how to choose the right one for you here. You can read more about our extensive line of power wheelchairs here. Additionally, you will find more information about scooter lifts and ramps for those with reduced mobility here. And you can find information about our medical equipment too.

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